I. Full text versions of penal codes
Model Criminal Code
Crimes Act (New South Wales)
Commonwealth Criminal Code Act (1995)
• China (People's Republic)
• Germany (German) (English-German)
• Puerto Rico
• United States
Federal Criminal Code (ti. 18, United States Code)
Proposed New Federal Criminal Code
Federal Sentencing Guidelines
Uniform Code of Military Justice
Alaska Criminal Law (ti. 11)
Arizona Criminal Code
California Penal Code (alternate site)
Colorado Criminal Code (ti. 18)
Connecticut Penal Code
Delaware Criminal Code (ti. 11)
District of Columbia (ti. 22)
Florida Criminal Code (ti. XLVI)
Georgia Criminal Code (ti. 16)
Guam Criminal and Correctional Code (ti. 9)
Idaho Criminal Code
Indiana Criminal Law and Procedure
Iowa Criminal Code (chs. 701-728)
Kansas Criminal Code (ch. 21)
Kentucky Penal Code (Title XL & L)
Maine (Crimes) (Maine Criminal Code)
Maryland Code of Crimes and Punishments (art. 27)
Massachusetts General Laws (Crimes and Punishments)
Minnesota Criminal Code
Mississippi (ti. 97)
Missouri Criminal Code
Montana Criminal Code
Nevada Criminal Code (ti. 15)
New Jersey Code of Criminal Justice (ti. 2C)
New Mexico Criminal Code (ch. 30)
New York Penal Law (alternate site) (annotated)
New York Non-Penal Law
North Dakota (ti. 12.1)
Ohio Criminal Code
Oklahoma Penal Code (ti. 21)
Oregon Criminal Code
Pennsylvania Crimes Code
Rhode Island Criminal Code
South Dakota Criminal Code (ti. 22)
Tennessee Criminal Code (ti. 39)
Texas Penal Code (alternate site)
Utah Criminal Code
Vermont Criminal Code
Virginia Criminal Code
Washington Criminal Code
West Virginia (ch. 61)
Wisconsin Criminal Code (chs. 938-951)
Wisconsin Uniform Controlled Substances Act (ch. 961)
Wyoming Criminal Code
• Model Penal Codes
Model Penal Code of 1962 (p. I) (pt. II) (© ALI)
Sample Draft Criminal Code (© Paul H. Robinson)
Standard Penal Code for Latin America (© Am. J. Crim. L.)
• Non-Penal Codes & Restatements
Uniform Commercial Code
Bankruptcy Code (Title 11, United States Code)
Internal Revenue Code (Title 26, United States Code)
II. Miscellaneous Penal & Constitutional Norms
The following index includes only those non-penal code
penal norms that have been selected for integration into the present materials.
These represent a tiny sample of non-penal code penal norms that are accessible
on-line using the present materials as a springboard. Most of the
penal codes listed above appear on official websites maintained by a legislature
or administrative agency. These websites also provide on-line access
to non-penal codes, many of which contain penal norms.
Anti-Defamation League of B'nai B'rith
Model Hate Crime Law
Model Institutional Vandalism Statute
§ 12-6. Intimidation.
§ 12-6.1. Compelling organization membership of persons.
§ 12-6.2. Aggravated intimidation.
§ 12-7.1. Ethnic Intimidation [old].
§ 12-7.1. Hate crime [new].
§ 25-1. Mob action.
Streetgang Terrorism Omnibus Prevention Act
§ 10. Definitions.
General Laws ch. 272
§ 43A. Smoking in public conveyances and transportation terminals
Article I (Bill of Rights)
Criminal Procedure Law
§ 1.20 Definitions of terms of general use in this chapter
§ 60.22 Rules of evidence; corroboration of accomplice testimony
§ 170.40 Motion to dismiss information . . . ; in furtherance of justice
§ 210.40 Motion to dismiss indictment; in furtherance of justice
Department of Motor Vehicles Regulations
§ 51.5 Tire Use.
§ 51.6 Method of measuring tread groove pattern depth.
Vehicle & Traffic Law
§ 102. Bicycle
§ 130. Pedestrian
§ 159. Vehicle
§ 375. Equipment
§ 605. Report required upon accident
§ 1104 (c). Authorized emergency vehicles.
§ 1146. Drivers to exercise due care
§ 1150. Pedestrians subject to traffic regulations.
§ 1151. Pedestrians' right of way in crosswalks.
§ 1152. Crossing at other than crosswalks.
§ 1153. Provisions relating to blind or visually impaired persons.
§ 1155. Pedestrians to use right half of crosswalks.
§ 1156. Pedestrians on roadways.
§ 1160. Required position and method of turning at intersections
§ 1192. Operating a motor vehicle while under the influence of alcohol or drugs.
§ 1192-a. Operating a motor vehicle after having consumed alcohol; under the age of twenty-one; per se.
§ 1193. Sanctions.
§ 1212. Reckless driving.
§ 1229-a. Restricted highways
§ 1230. Effect of regulations
§ 1231. Traffic laws apply to persons riding bicycles
§ 1232. Riding on bicycles
§ 1233. Clinging to vehicles.
§ 1234. Riding on roadways, shoulders, bicycle lanes and bicycle paths
§ 1235. Carrying articles
§ 1236. Lamps and other equipment on bicycles
§ 1237. Method of giving hand and arm signals by bicyclists
§ 1238. Passengers on bicycles under one year of age prohibited; . . . protective headgear.
§ 1800. Penalties for traffic infractions.
§ 1801. Penalties for misdemeanors.