Department of Economics
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Published Books and Book Chapters
“On the Relation between Education and Crime” in Education, Income, and Human Behavior (1975), F. Thomas Juster, ed. (p. 313 - 338). See http://www.nber.org/chapters/c3702.pdf
“Participation in Illegitimate Activities: An Economic Analysis” in Essays in the Economics of Crime and Punishment. Becker, Gary S. and William M. Landes, eds. (p. 68 - 134), 1974. See: http://www.nber.org/chapters/c3627
3. On the Relation Between Education and Crime, in Education, Income, and Human Behavior, F.T. Juster, ed., Mcgraw-Hill Co., New York, 1975, pp. 313-338.
4. Participation in Illegitimate Activities -- An Economic Analysis, in The Economics of Crime and Punishment, Becker and Landes, eds., Columbia University Press, New York, 1974, pp. 68-134.
5. An Economic Analysis of Legal Rulemaking (with Richard A. Posner), Journal of, Legal Studies, Vol. 3 (l), January 1974, pp. 257-80.
6. The Deterrent Effect of Capital Punishment -- A Question of Life and Death, American Economic Review, Vol. 65 (3), June 1975, pp. 397-417; two appendices: Sources of Data and a Mathematical Appendix, separate.
7. Deterrence: Evidence and Inference, Yale Law Journal, Vol. 85 (2), December 1976, pp. 209-227.
8. Rejoinder Yale Law Journal, Vol. 85 (3), January l976.
9. The Deterrent Effect of Capital Punishment: Reply, American Economic Review, Vol. 67 (3), June 1977, pp. 452-458.
10. On the measurement of the Deterrent Effect of Capital Punishment and the Theory of Deterrence (with J.C. Gibbons), Journal of Legal Studies, Vol. 6 (l), January 1977, pp. 35-50.
11. Capital Punishment and Deterrence: Some Further Thoughts and Additional Evidence, Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 85 (4), August 1977, pp. 74l-788; three appendices, separate.
12. Fear of Deterrence -- A Critical Evaluation of the Report of the Panel on Research on Deterrent and Incapacitative Effects, Journal of Legal Studies, Vol. 6 (2), June 1977. Full Text (in PDF) Paper available for downloading
13. Deterrence and Economics: A Perspective on Theory and Evidence, in Major Social Issues: A Multidisciplinary View, Milton Yinger and Stephen Cutler, eds., The Free Press, 1978.
14. The Economic Approach to Crime - A Preliminary Assessment, in Criminology, Review Yearbook Vol. l, Messinger and Bittner, eds., Sage: Beverly Hills, 1979.
15. On the Usefulness of Controlling Individuals: An Economic Analysis of Rehabilitation, Incapacitation, and Deterrence, American Economic Review, Vol. 71 (3), June 1981, pp. 307-22.
16. The Market for Offenses and the Public Enforcement of Laws: An Equilibrium Analysis, British Journal of Social Psychology, Vol. 21, 1982, pp. 107-20.
17. On Positive Methodology, Ethics, and Polemics in Deterrence Research, British of Journal of Criminology, Vol. 22 (2), April 1982, pp. 124-139.
18. The Optimum Enforcement of Laws and the Concept of Justice: A Positive Analysis, International Review of Law and Economics, lead article, Vol. 2, June 1982, pp. 3-27.
19. On The Economics of Compliance with the Minimum Wage Laws, with Yang-Ming Chang, Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 93 (l), 1985, pp. 84-91.
20. Crime and Punishment, in The New Palgrave: A Dictionary of Economic Theory and Doctrine, John Eatwell, Murray Milgate, and Peter Newman, editors, London: Macmillan Press, 1987.
21. On the Issue of Causality in Crime Control: Some Theoretical Considerations and Experimental Evidence, American Economic Review, Vol. 77 (2), May 1987, pp. 99-106.
22. Crime, Punishment, and the Market for Offenses, Journal of Economic Perspectives, Vol. 10 (1) Winter 1996, pp. 43-67.
23. Criminal Justice, in The New Palgrave, A Dictionary of Economics and the Law, Peter Newman, Editor, MacMillan Press, 1998.
24. Sensitivity Analyses of the Deterrence Hypothesis: Let’s Keep Econ in Econometrics (with Z. Liu), Journal of Law and Economics, Vol. XLII April 1999, pp455-87. Full Text (in PDF) | Appendix Paper available for downloading at http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/cf_dev/AbsByAuth.cfm?per_id=188351
25. Bureaucratic Corruption and Economic Growth, with F. T. Lui, Journal of Political Economy, Vol 107, no. 6 (2), October 1999, S270-S293.
28. “Taxing Crime vs. Taxing Guns: An Application of the Market for Offenses Model”, with Saito, Tetsuya, Journal of Economic Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 32(5), September 2010.