Nearest-Neighbor Statistical Analysis Bibliography

Last Updated: 4 Feb 1998
by Charlotte Hunter <hunterc@HAWAII.EDU>

Blankholm, H.P
1991      Intrasite spatial analysis in theory and practice.  Aarhus
University Press, Denmark.

Boots, Barry N.  and Arthur Getis.
1988      Point pattern analysis.  Scientific Geography Series No. 8.
Sage Publications.

Carr, Christopher, ed.
1985      For concordance in archaeological analysis.  Westport Publishers.

Clark, P. J.
1956 Grouping of spatial distributions.  Science 123:373-374.

Clark, P. J. and F. C. Evans
1954 Distance to nearest neighbor as a measure of spatial relationship in
populations.  Ecology 34:445-453.

Clarke, David L.
1968 Analytical archaeology.  London: Metheun.

1977 Spatial archaeology.  London: Academic Press.

Dacey, Michael F.
1960 The spacing of river towns.  Annals of the Association of American
Geographers 50:59- 61.

1963 Order neighbor statistics for a class of random patterns in
multidimensional space.  Annals of the Association of American
Geographers 53:505-515.

Dubois, Philip H.
1965 An introduction to psychological statistics.  New York: Harper & Row.

Durand, Stephen R. and Lonnie C. Pippin
1992 A pragmatic application of the nearest neighbor statistic.  Journal
of Field Archaeology, 19:263-271.

Earle, T. K.
1976 A nearest neighbor analysis of two Formative settlement systems.  In
The early Mesoamerican village, edited by K.V. Flannery, pp.  196-223.
New York: Academic Press.

Ebert, James I.
1992.     Distributional archaeology.  University of New Mexico Press.

Ebdon, D.
1976 On the underestimation inherent in the commonly used formulae.  Area

Getis, Arthur
1964 Temporal land-use pattern analysis with the use of nearest neighbor
and quadrat methods.  Annals of the Association of American Geographers

Greig-Smith, P.
1964 Quantitative plant ecology.  London: Metheun.

Haggett, Peter
1965 Locational analysis in human geography.  London: E. Arnold.

Hansen, R.M. and E. E. Remmenga
1961 Nearest neighbor concept applied to pocket gopher populations.
Ecology 42:812-814.

Haworth, J. and P. Vincent
1976 Maximizing the nearest-neighbor statistic.  Area 8:299-302.

Hodder, Ian R.
1972 Locational models and the study of Romano-British settlement.  In
Models in archaeology, edited by D. L. Clarke, pp.  887-909.  London: Metheun.

Hodder, Ian R. and M. Hassal
1971 The non-random spacing in Romano-British walled towns.  Man 6:391-407.

Hodder, Ian R. and Clive Orton
1976 Spatial analysis in archaelogy.  Cambridge University Press.

Hsu, S. and C. E. Tiedemann
1968 A rational method of delimiting study areas for unevenly distributed
point phenomena.  Professional Geographer 20:376-381.

King, L. J.
1969 Statistical analysis in geography.  New Jersey: Prentice-Hall.

Kintigh, K. W.
1990    Intrasite spatial analysis: a commentary on major methods. In
Mathematics and information science in archaeology: a flexible framework.
Studies in Modern Archaeology Vol. 3, edited by A. Voorips, pp. 165-200.
Bonn: HOLOS-Verlag.

Kroll, Ellen M. and T. D. Price, eds.
1991.  The Interpretation of archaeological spatial patterning.  Plenum Press.

McNutt, Charles H.
1981 Nearest neighbors, boundary effect, and the old flag trick: a
general solution.  American Antiquity 46:571-592.

Orton, Clive
1980 Mathematics in archaeology.  London: Collins.

Pielou, E. C.
1959 The use of point-to-plant distances in the study of the pattern of
plant populations.  Journal of Ecology 47:607-613.

1960 A single mechanism to account for regular, random and aggregated
populations.  Journal of Ecology 48:575-584.

1961 Segregation and symmetry in two species populations as studied by
nearest neighbor methods.  Journal of Ecology 49:255-269.

1969 An introduction to mathematical ecology.  New York: Wiley-Interscience.

Pinder, David A. and M. E. Witherick
1972 The principles, practice and pitfalls of nearest-neighbor analysis.
Geography 57:277-288.

1973 Nearest-neighbor analysis of linear point patterns.  Tijdschrift
voor Economische en Sociale Geografie 64:160-163.

1975 A modification of nearest-neighbor analysis for use in linear
situations.  Geography 60:16- 23.

Pinder, David, Izumi Shimada, and David Gregory
1979 The nearest-neighbor statistic: archaeological application and new
developments.  American Antiquity 44:430-445.

Plog, F.
1974 Settlement patterns and social history.  In Frontiers of anthropology, 
edited by M. J. Leaf, pp.  68-91.  New York: Van Nostrand.

Sokol, Robert R. and Peter H. Sneath
1963 Principles of numerical taxonomy.  San Francisco: W. H. Freeman & Co.

Streuver, S.
1971 Comments on archaeological data requirements and research strategy.
American Antiquity 36:9-19.

Thompson, H. R.
1956 Distribution of distance to nth neighbor in a population of randomly
distributed individuals.  Ecology 37:391-394.

Vincent, P.
1976 The general case: how not to measure spatial point patterns.  Area

de Vos, S.
1973 The use of nearest neighbor methods.  Tijdschrift voor Economische
en Sociale Geografie 64:307-319.

Washburn, D. K.
1974 Spatial analysis of occupation floors II: the application of nearest
neighbor analysis.  American Antiquity 39:16-34.

Whallon, Robert, Jr.
1973 Spatial analysis of occupation floors I: the application of nearest
neighbor analysis of variance.  American Antiquity 38:266-278

1974 Spatial analysis of occupation floors II: the application of nearest
neighbor analysis.  American Antiquity 39:  .

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